The Vijayanagar Empire caused a number of monuments to be built and patronized in the State. The most striking characteristic is the design of the pillar shaft decorated with rearing horses and rampant hippogriffs. Many new adjuncts like shrines and halls were added.

The Vijayanagara architecture fused various elements of the Chalukya and Chola art, and produced extremely beautiful 'gopuras' and 'mandapas'. The most typical of them can be found at Tirupati , Tadpatri, Srikalahasti and Penukonda. The two temples at Tadpatri represent the Vijayanagara style. The Srisailam temple and the ornate Lepakshi temples in Anantapur district and Somapalayam in Chittoor district are also of Vijayanagara times.